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履歷表

Courtesy of 'http://mr6.cc/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/a26.jpg'

Courtesy of 'http://mr6.cc/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/a26.jpg'

學期結束,暑假開始,不少學生或畢業生投入勞動市場。

求職有三寶︰求職信、履歷表、面試。三寶缺一不可,求職信和履歷表又擔當先聲奪人的角色,沒有好的求職信履歷表,又怎可能有面試的機會(尤其在這個經濟環境,一份工百幾人爭,競爭之大,也是早一兩輩人所未經歷的)?

履歷表,英文有兩個叫法。一是「CV」,一是「resume」。

先介紹第一個名字。CV 的全稱是「Curriculum Vitæ」。這個字是拉丁文。拉丁文的「æ」,在古英文也存在。今天的英文不復見,所以人們慣把「Curriculum Vitæ」寫成「Curriculum Vitae」,分拆為 a 和 e 。美國英文更見簡單,只稱作「Vita」。

「resume」在英文裡,可作動詞和名詞解。動詞 resume 解做「(在停頓後)恢復運作」。我讀中學時流行玩 ICQ(今天大家都用 MSN 了,ICQ 成了集體回憶),論穩定性ICQ 自然不如 MSN ,但它有個功能實在是 MSN 不能及的,就是「續傳功能」(resume transfer)。在傳送檔案過程中萬一斷線,可以從中斷的位置續傳。這對於 56k 電話線上網年代來說很重要的。那個年代下載一首 MP3 動輒要半個小時,如果線路不暢通,就要更長的時間了。

「resume」作動詞解時讀做 /ri.zju:m/ 。但名詞的 resume,讀法完全不同。名詞的 resume 讀作 /rez.ju:.mei/,三個音節。因為 resume 源於法文,法文拼作「résumé」。字母上的標號就表明那一節為獨立音節,是故讀作 re-su-me 而不是 re-sume。英文外來詞有約定俗成的讀音處理方法,一般是按照該語言的讀法引入(雖然近年很多新借用詞乃「從簡」,用英文拼音讀)。把履歷表讀做 re-sume,西人聽起來大概會感覺到很滑稽。順帶一提,「resume」的尾音讀作 /mei/ ( 月份 May 音 ) ,而不是 /me/ ( 賓語 me 音 ) ,不少人發了 me 音,並不標準。

早陣子有些學生畢業,寫了履歷表發給我,要我幫忙修改一下。但他們把履歷表寫得像一份職位申請表,裡面有申請人的姓名、年齡、身份證號碼、地址、出生日期等個人資料,再加上曾就讀學校、公開考試成績、課外活動、技能。他們的履歷表有好幾頁長(尤其名校的同學,擔當不少學會和社團重要位置,單是那部份已佔大半頁)。這種流水帳式的履歷表實在不好。哪有老闆願意花時間來看你究竟當了多少個學會的甚麼幹事?除非你能證明這個職位跟當下要面試的工作有甚麼關係吧。所以好的履歷表,貴精不貴多,應該揀一些最能反映能力的經驗,加以說明,這樣才能打動你的未來顧主。有機會我會談談這方面的知識。

C.A.Jo

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